The social classes of this era included the Upper class, Middle class, and lower class. When a bill was passed stipulating that children under nine could not work in the textile industry, this in no way did not apply to other industries, nor did it in any way curb rampant teenaged prostitution. Salient features of the Victorian age… Social, Political, Literary and Religious condition during Chaucer’s Age. Few who will read these pages have any conception of what these pestilential human rookeries are, where tens of thousands are crowded together amidst horrors which call to mind what we have heard of the middle passage of the slave ship. The problems created by rapid industrialization and urbanization and the conflict between employers and workers. 4 5. he Victorian Age History and Culture Queen Victoria When Queen Victoria came to the throne in 1837,shewasjust18yearsold.Shewastorule for almost 64 years and gave her name to an age of economic and scientiic progress and social reforms. The Victorian era was the age of progress, stability and great social reforms but in the same time was characterised by poverty, injustice and social unrest (t ensioni sociali). Victorian age: -age of progress but also poverty -strict code of values -utilitarianism and empiricism -reforms -novels Social and political reforms in Victorian age University test act -University Test Act (1871): before this law, all academics and students at Oxford and Analyze Shakespeare’s treatment of comedy and tragic-comedy. The 1890 Housing Act made it the responsibility of local councils to provide decent accommodation for local people. Dickens, a British writer who was active during 19th-century Victorian Britain, is often considered the writer who best captured that particular period of British history. Those who were fortunate enough to be in the Upper class did not usually p… During the Victorian era, Britain could claim to be the world's superpower, despite social inequality at home and burgeoning industrial rivals overseas. The social classes of England were newly reforming, and fomenting. British manufacturing became dominant in the world and trade and the financial sectoralso grew significantly 2. The social and political ideas of some representative thinkers of the Victorian age a series of lectures delivered at King's College, University of London during the session 1931-32 by F. J. C. Hearnshaw. These revealed the full extent of the plight of thepoor. The Mid-Victorian Period (1848-1870) was a ti… Many people believed that Britain was leading the world into a new and better age: The benefits of wealth created through industrial development. Following the materialist conception of history, class struggle and conflict persist as to improve the prevailing and fragmented condition of the society. Sometimes houses were divided in half to accommodate two families. THE VICTORIAN AGE: SOCIETY, CULTURE AND ACHIEVEMENTS The Victorian era of British history was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from 20 June 1837 until her death, on 22 January 1901. 08. It is, however, also the beginning of Modern Times. Memorable Points on Chaucer’s Age. The Victorian Era in Britain was dominated by the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). To get into them you have to penetrate courts reeking with poisonous and malodorous gases arising from accumulations of sewage and refuse scattered in all directions and often flowing beneath your feet; courts, many of them which the sun never penetrates, which are never visited by a breath of fresh air, and which rarely know the virtues of a drop of cleansing water. T The Victorian Age, which this time period is often referred to, comes from Queen Victoria. It was a long period of peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities and national self-confidence for Britain. Member of a worldwide Christian church which traces its origins from St. Peter, one of Jesus' original disciples. The social focus of many Victorian novels posed key moral and social questions about issues such as: Strong moral and religious reasons were put forward in favour of legal changes to improve society: Perhaps the most important moral argument came in Jeremy Bentham's writing on the principle of utilitarianism. Conditions of Life and Labor. Throughout the century, it was stylish for men to wear facial hair of all sizes and descriptions. The daily needs and problems of ordinary people included: poverty, poor housing, ill health, a horrifying level of child mortality, hunger, long hours of grinding labour. The Victorian era witnessed significant reform of the political system. Contrasting to that was the horrible reality of child labor which persisted throughout the period. As stated in the beginning, the Victorian Age was an extremely diverse and complex period. The Second Reform Act, passed in 1867, widened the electorate to include any man who either owned a house or paid rent of more than £10 a year, and also gave the vote to rural men owning very small parcels of land. The rail network, begun in the 1830s, was largely completed by the 1870s and had a great effect no… There were sharp distinctions between men's and women's rights during this era; men were allotted more stability, financial status, and power over their homes and women. The studies were part of a new emphasis given to social investigation into the extent and causes of poverty in large industrial cities. Naturally, to an era that takes more liberties, this would seem harsh and unnatural. Victorian Occupations — Life and Labor in the Victorian Period (sitemap) Victorian Women's Occupations (sitemap) Philanthropy in Victorian … The people under this class did not work manually. Greater political stability than in the rest of Europe. Their routine work was fulfilled by the lower class people. That line gets at the heart of 19th-century British soci… Nineteen-Century Public Health Overview; Chadwick's Report on Sanitary Conditions. 0 Ratings 0 Want to … The Dress of the early Victorian era was similar to the Georgian age. The social and political ideas of some representative thinkers of the Victorian Age a series of lectures delivered at King's College, University of London, during the session 1931-31 by F. J. C. Hearnshaw. Historical background. The definition of what made someone a gentleman or a lady was, therefore, changing at what some thought was an alarming rate. More on utilitarian ‘happiness': ‘Happiness' was difficult to define in this context: It did not mean a temporary personal emotion but people's well-being or advantage, It was argued that obeying laws brought happiness, and therefore to obey laws welcomed by a large number of people was to multiply happiness, The utilitarian principle still underlies all democratic law to some extent, insofar as laws reflect the will of Parliament, which represents the people and therefore can claim to enact laws that promote the greatest happiness of the greatest possible number. However, these changes were not always positive. This often meant that one family had to make do without an easily accessible supply of drinking water. … The world of Victorian writers 1837 - 1901, The world of Shakespeare and the Metaphysical poets 1540-1660, Romantic poets, selected poems: context links, Thomas Hardy, selected poems: context links, Text specific further reading and resources, Social, political and economic characteristics of Victorian Britain, The need for schooling and the care of orphans and other deprived children, Cruelty to children and the corruption of children by criminals, The problems created by emphasis on social class and newly acquired wealth. This class further got sub divided in three parts as below – 1. It was, indeed, the precursor of the modern era. It was a time of prosperity, broad imperial expansion, and great political … Compared to France, the ancient enemy, Victorian Britain was politically conservative. They built their houses quickly and cheaply, often without facilities such as bathrooms and toilets. There continued to be a large and generally disgruntled working class, wanting and slowly getting reform and change. Women wore corsets, Balloonish sleeves and crinolines in the middle 1840’s. Their ties, known then as cravats, and the various ways they might be tied could change, the styles of shirts, jackets, and hats also, but trousers have remained. Traditionally, the Victorian people simply accepted the social class that they were … 'It was the best of times; it was the worst of times,' is the oft-quoted beginning to Charles Dickens' work A Tale of Two Cities. The rapid changes of the time benefited some people long before others. The conviction that work is a duty which is good for the soul. Her own sense of duty made her the ideal head of a constitutional monarchy: she … They promoted a code of values based on personal duty, hard work, respectability and charity. 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