Curly Dock is distinguished by its curly leaf margins, its long leaf petioles, and the reddish spots developing as the leaves age. The root is additionally bitter. Last updated on Aug 24, 2020. The leaf stalks are used in salads. Fresh leaves of curly dock can be crushed and rubbed on areas of the skin that have been stung by nettles, to relieve the stinging. Herb – Curly Dock – Yellow Dock Root – Rumex crispus . A curly dock plant produces around 40,000 seeds per year. Curly dock is found throughout the United states. Besides being beneficial, the overuse or prolonged use of yellow dock root may also cause certain side effects. We have quite of few dock species, many of them preferring wet soil. Medical studies have shown that yellow dock root is also a liver stimulator, aiding in cleansing the blood. Also known as curly dock, yellow dock (Rumex crispus) is a member of the buckwheat family. Curly Dock root is used to condition the gall bladder and liver. Yellow Dock or Curled Dock (Rumex crispus) This native of Europe is found along roadsides, fields, and waste ground throughout U.S. and southern Canada (Gleason and Cronquist, 1996). Gastrointestinal problems ROUND-LEAVED DOCK Botanical: Rumex obtusifolius---Synonyms---Common Wayside Dock.Butter Dock. Each year, these plants must be cleared away from areas where livestock and other animals can reach them. To make the ointment, which is used for itching and swollen glands, the root is boiled in vinegar; the pulp is then mixed with an agent such as lard. Due to the lack of viable seed in turf areas, curly dock spreads by root fragments. Cultivation: Curly Dock occurs at sites with full sun, moist to dry conditions, and soil containing loam, clay-loam, or gravelly material. Herb: Curled Dock Latin name: Rumex crispus Synonyms: Rumex elongatus Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Curled Dock: Curled dock has a long history of domestic herbal use. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a perennial weed with a thick taproot.Leaves grow mostly at the base of the plant and are lance-shaped with wavy or curly margins. Broad leaf dock is similar to curly dock in its growth habit (taproot, mucilaginous) but its leaves lack the highly wavy margin of curly dock. This perennial herb, which is often considered to be a weed, grows wild in many areas of North America. Fermented Curly Dock Leaves. Herbalists the world over use the root for many physical ailments. 1. Rumex crispus, curly dock or curled dock, is a perennial flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae.. Its leaves may be eaten as part of a salad dish, but its roots are the ones with medicinal value. Leaves are variable in shape, the lower leaves, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 1.5 to 30 centimeters long, the upper leaves narrowly oblong or lanceolate, 8 to 16 centimeters long, with either sharp or obtuse apex, and rounded at the base. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. It is a bitter tonic, astringent, gentle laxative, and alterative. The genus name 'Rumex' refers to a noun meaning acid. Burdock root is a vegetable that’s native to northern Asia and Europe. Clinical Overview Use. 2 large handfuls of young curly dock leaves 1 T salt(5ml) 1 clean quart-sized Mason jar. Fresh leaves of curly dock can be crushed and rubbed on areas of the skin that have been stung by nettles, to relieve the stinging. They can lay dormant for up to 50 years. It propagates from seed. It is a bitter tonic, astringent, gentle laxative, and alterative. However, both plants have in the past been called 'yellow dock' from the color of the roots, which even William Cook notes are practically indistinguishable from each other. Take a clean quart sized canning jar and place rolled leaves into jar. Also called yellow dock, the yellow root helps to increase bile production which is also yellow in color. This plant is poisonous to goats and sheep therefore using them as a weed removal system isn’t the best idea. Curly Dock root is used to tonify the gall bladder and liver. Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus) Most fields, waste places, roadsides, and weedy yards are good locations to find yellow dock (aka ~ curly dock, sour dock, narrow dock, garden patience and curled dock. )… Curly dock is a cross-pollinated species that exhibits great variation in morphology and physiological characteristics. Leaf blades are 6 to 8 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide. This plant spread by reseeding itself. For information about preparing curly dock root for potential medicinal uses, check out How to Harvest, Prepare, and Use Yellow Dock Root Medicinally by Survival Sherpa. Habitat: Yellow dock is indigenous to Europe and parts of Africa, but like many medicinal herbs it has been carried beyond its native borders by travelers. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Normally, yellow dock grows and flourishes on odd places like abandoned lands, along the roads and even in ditches and trenches. We're talking about the Rumex with long taproots, such as Rumex crispus, commonly called curly dock, and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad-leaved dock. It is a gentle and safe laxative, less powerful than rhubarb in its action so it is particularly useful in the treatment of mild constipation. Curly Dock has characteristics of being sour, and somewhat astringent. In Western herbalism, the root is often used for treating anemia, due to its high level of iron. Side Effects. The roots of yellow dock exert a laxative effect; however, research reveals no clinical data regarding the use of yellow dock to treat any condition. Perhaps just another word for dye and perhaps it had a use as a "paint" that was not documented. from the June 23, 2013 Newsletter issued from the Frio Canyon Nature Education Center in the valley of the Dry Frio River in northern Uvalde County, southwestern Texas, on the southern border of the Edwards Plateau, USA Root is a yellow man shaped, pointing down, that helps downward movement in digestive tract. In Western herbalism, the root is often used for treating anemia, due to its high level of iron. It’s a cleansing laxative. The attribute 'crispus' means curled, which alludes to the curly and wavy leaves of this species, as does the common name 'curled dock'. The root and fruits are used as medicine. The root of curly dock is yellow and intensely bitter. Learn all about it's medicinal benefits from Brigitte Mars, David Winston and Matthew Wood. Yellow dock has the “crisp” leaves with curly edges. Curly dock leaves, blanched and ready for the freezer. PubMed: Rumex L. species induce apoptosis in 1301, EOL-1 and H-9 cell lines. Curly dock is a tall plant that has broad green leaves that curl along the edges. When you dig up this plant, you find a long golden color tap root. Herbalists the world over use the root for many physical ailments. The yellow root helps to increase bile production which is also yellow in color. Yellow dock is more wide-ranging. Yellow dock may also be made into capsules or tea. ---Description---It is a large and spreading plant, its stout stems 2 to 3 feet high, the leaves 6 to 12 inches long, with rather slender foot-stalks, the margins waved and the end or apex of the leaf rounded.The flowers are small, green and numerous, arranged in whorled spikes at the ends of the stem. The flowers are long green spikes which turn reddish brown on maturity. Curly dock is an erect, simple and sparingly branched plant, growing to a height of 30 to 90 centimeters. It is easy to spot and identify in the second year of growth. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). What is yellow dock? Yellow dock is prepared for medicinal use as a syrup, a tincture, or an ointment. The root system consists of a stout taproot that has a pale yellow interior. Burdock root has been used for centuries in holistic medicine to treat a variety of different conditions. PubMed:Carbohydrase inhibition and anti-cancerous and free radical scavenging properties along with DNA and protein protection ability of methanolic root extracts of Rumex crispus. Wash your curly dock leaves well. (The roots, not the foliage. Yellow Dock. It withstands drought, temporary flooding, and occasional mowing. It is now found in most places including the United States and southern Canada. Botanical Name: Rumex crispus. Roadside weeds are typically sprayed with herbicides and should be avoided. Yellow dock herbs have been used for centuries, valued for their medicinal and nutritional qualities. The flower grows 2 to 3 feet in height and appears from April to July. There is a certain plant used for dyes that is closely related to the curly dock that the Zuni used for dyes, but it's name in Zuni meant paint. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The Latin name Rumex crispus was given by Linnaeus and appears to be the only name used in modern literature. Curly dock comes back each year, both from the few seeds that drop close by, before they are carried away by the wind, and also from their root system. Any part of the root that is left in the soil will only produce new plants. Curly dock establishes from seeds only at open, disturbed sites; it does not tolerate competition or tillage. It may be found growing in abundance in waste places, roadsides or even dumps and ditches. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. Yellow dock root is a shrub that originally grew only in Europe and Asia but has spread to North America. Yellow dock is generally cultivated Wild. Curly dock is good forage for humans, though such is not the case for livestock. While it has traditionally been used for medicinal purposes, I prefer to use it in cocktail bitters. Preserving Curly Dock Leaves. Curly dock is a variable species that hybridizes with other dock species. Traditionally, yellow dock root has been thought to be a blood purifier and general detoxifier, especially for the liver. You also cannot employ animals to graze on curly dock as a control because of the plant’s toxicity to livestock. Because the root is exceptionally long, the plant is difficult to remove. The herb, properly known as Rumex crispus, supports detoxification from a few angles.First off, yellow dock root stimulates bile production, which helps digestion, particularly of fats. 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