About half as many species belong to the true grasses (Poaceae), which are economically the most important family of monocotyledons. This is a broad sketch only, not invariably applicable, as there are a number of exceptions. These examples reflect their shared ancestry. Alismatanae) and the number of superorders expanded to ten with the addition of Bromelianae, Cyclanthanae and Pandananae. A number of these plants are vines that tend to live in shaded habitats for at least part of their lives, and this fact may also relate to their shapeless stomata. In agriculture the majority of the biomass produced comes from monocotyledons. "Evolutionary history of the monocot leaf", "On the Distribution of the Monocotyledonous Orders into Primary Groups, more especially in reference to the Australian Flora, with notes on some points of Terminology", "Early Cretaceous lineages of monocot flowering plants", "Gondwanan evolution of the grass alliance families (Poales)", "Gondwanan origin of major monocot groups inferred from dispersal-vicariance analysis", "Foliar architecture of vanilloid orchids: Insights into the evolution of reticulate leaf venation in monocots", "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", "Key innovations, convergence, and success: macroevolutionary lessons from plant phylogeny", 10.1666/0094-8373(2005)031[0077:KICASM]2.0.CO;2, "Fossils and seed plant phylogeny reanalyzed", "Araceae from the early Cretaceous of Portugal: Evidence on the emergence of monocotyledons", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, "Die Samenmerkmale und Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der Liliiflorae", "An Overview of the Biology of the Desiccation-tolerant Resurrection Plant, "Axial vessel widening in arborescent monocots", "A nonparametric approach to estimating divergence times in the absence of rate constancy", "Molecular evidence on plant divergence times", "The Taxa of the Higher Plants above the Rank of Order", "Global monocot diversification: geography explains variation in species richness better than environment or biology", "An updated phylogenetic classification of the flowering plants", "Establishment growth in woody monocotyledons native to New Zealand", "Evolution of the angiosperms: calibrating the family tree", "The vascular system of monocotyledonous stems", "Phylogenetics of Seed Plants: An Analysis of Nucleotide Sequences from the Plastid Gene, "A Phylogeny of the Monocots, as Inferred from, "Phylogenetic Hypotheses for the Monocotyledons Constructed from, "Repeated evolution of net venation and fleshy fruits among monocots in shaded habitats confirms, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, "Monocot plastid phylogenomics, timeline, net rates of species diversification, the power of multi-gene analyses, and a functional model for the origin of monocots", "Phylogenetics, divergence times and diversification from three genomic partitions in monocots", "The age of major monocot groups inferred from 800+, "Identifying the basal angiosperm node in chloroplast genome phylogenies: Sampling one's way out of the Felsenstein zone", "Phylogeny, concerted convergence, and phylogenetic niche conservatism in the core Liliales: insights from, "Chloroplast and nuclear gene sequences indicate late Pennsylvanian time for the last common ancestor of extant seed plants", "The origin and diversification of angiosperms", "Angiosperm phylogeny: 17 genes, 640 taxa", "Ancient WGD events as drivers of key innovations in angiosperms", "A genus-level phylogenetic linear sequence of monocots", "Resolution of deep angiosperm phylogeny using conserved nuclear genes and estimates of early divergence times", "An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants", "An Update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group Classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II", "An Update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", "A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III", "The Linear Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (LAPG) III: a linear sequence of the families in APG III", "Assembling the phylogeny of the monocots", "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monocotyledon&oldid=995095724, Extant Early Cretaceous first appearances, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Broad, seldom sheathed, petiole common often with stipules.